János Bolyai

(1802 - 1860)

Photograph of American novelist and screenwriter Raymond Chandler.

Raymond Chandler

(1888 - 1959)

Portrait of English poet John Keats.

John Keats

(1795 - 1821)

Robert Hooke

(1635 - 1703)

Robert Moor

Loren Eiseley

(1907 - 1977)

Alfred Döblin

(1878 - 1957)

Hermann von Helmholtz

(1821 - 1894)

Andrea Barrett

American author Evan S. Connell.

Evan S. Connell

(1924 - 2013)

George S. Schuyler

(1895 - 1977)

Vera Rubin

(1928 - 2016)

Bust of Hesiod

Hesiod

(c. 700 BC - c. 750 BC)

Curtis White

William Beebe

(1877 - 1962)

Lewis Lapham at his desk

Lewis H. Lapham

Susan Brind Morrow

Jacques Marquette

(1637 - 1675)

Image of English naturalist Charles Darwin.

Charles Darwin

(1809 - 1882)

Joseph Priestley

(1733 - 1804)

Ève Curie

(1904 - 2007)

Saint Teresa of Ávila.

Saint Teresa of Ávila

(1515 - 1582)

Polydore Vergil

(c. 1470 - 1555)

Claude Lévi-Strauss

(1908 - 2009)

Colorized engraving of Voltaire wearing a wig.

Voltaire

(1694 - 1778)

Sam Kean

Edna St. Vincent Millay

(1892 - 1950)

Ted Chiang

American author Steven Millhauser.

Steven Millhauser

Portrait of Francis Bacon in sixteenth-century armor.

Francis Bacon

(1561 - 1626)

Black and white photograph of French mystic, philosopher, and activist Simone Weil.

Simone Weil

(1909 - 1943)

Samantha Hunt

Engraving of Pliny the Elder.

Pliny the Elder

(23 - 79)

Alberto Manguel

Nikola Tesla

(1856 - 1943)

Black and white image of Roman philosopher and statesman Seneca the Younger.

Seneca the Younger

(4 BC - 65)

Nicolás Monardes

(1493 - 1588)

Ernst Jünger

(1895 - 1998)

Abu Hatim al-Razi

(c. 850 - c. 950)

Satyajit Ray

(1921 - 1992)

Painted portrait of German naturalist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt.

Alexander von Humboldt

(1769 - 1859)

Ross Andersen

Sima Qian

(c. 145 BC - c. 87 BC)

Maria Sabina

(1894 - 1985)

Greek geographer and historian Strabo.

Strabo

(c. 64 BC - c. 25)

Black and white photograph of Friedrich Nietzsche with a huge mustache.

Friedrich Nietzsche

(1844 - 1900)

Austro-German poet Rainer Maria Rilke.

Rainer Maria Rilke

(1875 - 1926)

Hugo Ball

(1886 - 1927)

Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier

(1743 - 1794)

Muriel Rukeyser

(1913 - 1980)

John Banville

French poet and author Christine de Pisan.

Christine de Pisan

(1364 - c. 1430)

Leszek Kolakowski

(1927 - 2009)

Abraham Flexner

(1866 - 1959)

Albert Einstein in a suit and tie standing in front of a chalkboard

Albert Einstein

(1879 - 1955)

Black and white photograph of French aviator and writer Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

(1900 - 1944)

Portrait of English lyrical poet and critic Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

(1772 - 1834)

Portrait of English physicist and mathematician Isaac Newton.

Isaac Newton

(1643 - 1727)

Kea Krause

Bessie Head

(1937 - 1986)

French writer Louis-Ferdinand Céline.

Louis-Ferdinand Céline

(1894 - 1961)

Horace Walpole

(1717 - 1797)

Galileo Galilei

(1564 - 1642)

Thomas Pynchon

Painting of William Wordsworth.

William Wordsworth

(1770 - 1850)

Black and white photograph of Emily Dickinson sitting next to a desk.

Emily Dickinson

(1830 - 1886)

Photo of stone Aristotle statue face

Aristotle

(384 BC - 322 BC)

Sextus Empiricus

(c. 200 - c. 300)

Photograph of New Yorker staff writer Burkhard Bilger.

Burkhard Bilger

Photograph of Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Luis Borges

(1899 - 1986)

Frances Hodgson Burnett

(1849 - 1924)

Frontispiece for 1612-13 King James Bible.

The Bible

(c. 1300 BC - c. 100)

Diodorus Siculus

(c. 90 BC - c. 20 BC)

Thomas S. Kuhn

(1922 - 1996)

Margaret Cavendish

(1623 - 1673)

Vitruvius

(c. 80 BC - 15 BC)

Leon Battista Alberti

(1404 - 1472)

Roger Bacon

(c. 1220 - c. 1292)

Yukichi Fukuzawa

(1835 - 1901)

Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift

(1667 - 1745)