Portrait of young Arthur Schopenhauer wearing a brown suit and a cravat.

Arthur Schopenhauer

(1788 - 1860)

Often referred to as the “philosopher of pessimism,” Arthur Schopenhauer rejected G.W.F. Hegel’s belief in the progressive nature of history, calling him a “pitiful charlatan” and stating that “the continuous and perpetual existence of the human race is merely proof of its exuberance and wantonness.” He published his masterwork, The World as Will and Representation, in 1818 and the following year delivered lectures at the University of Berlin, purposefully giving them at the same time as Hegel gave his. Afterward the philosopher withdrew to Frankfurt and wrote little, although his thoughts on music and literature influenced, among others, Richard Wagner and Thomas Mann.

All Writing

Voices In Time

1851 | Frankfurt

Sea Changes

Schopenhauer considers misfortune. More

Animals hear about death for the first time when they die.

- Arthur Schopenhauer,1819

Every man takes the limits of his own vision for the limits of the world.

- Arthur Schopenhauer,1851

To desire immortality for the individual is really the same as wanting to perpetuate an error forever.

- Arthur Schopenhauer,1819

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